a drawn bar that fits into a slot, and a pin that holds it there . The directors of the Santa Fe realized that Los Angeles was the marketing center of Southern California. Some of the buildings that … The entire Burlington system included over 6000 miles of roads. We have to adapt quickly to the changing reality of these uncertain times. In 1884 Ah Quin made many trips to San Francisco and Oceanside to amass a workforce for construction of the railroad.22 It was difficult to find workers during the summer of 1884, for most of the Chinese labor in San Francisco refused to leave during the harvest season.23, By September of that year 500 men and thirty teams were at work rebuilding the railroad through Temecula canyon. Niles Canyon Railway Sunol, California. Engineers held a tremendous responsibility. we are a model railroad club consisting of over 40 members in the city of Norwalk. It was organized July 10, 1880, and chartered on October 23, 1880, to build a rail connection between what has become the city of Barstow and San Diego, Californ Some were sent to work on the extension to the Atlantic & Pacific. Smith as working at the California railroad shops. The California Southern hired laborers for railway construction, and section men for daily maintenance of the rails. San Diego History Center Now! Life on the railroad was dirty, dangerous and fraught with accidents, but the California Southern paid their skilled workers well-often 8 to 20% above the average wage for these crafts. The wharves at Galveston, New Orleans and National City were the first to use the creosote process on wooden pilings. Ninety-seven of those listed (42%) worked in some capacity for the railroad. They asked him to come to San Diego as a labor contractor in 1880 to help organize a workforce for the railroad. Railroad manufacture and maintenance was a complex job. The only industry in the town may have been that of the single baker. Glen S. Dumke, The Boom of the Eighties in Southern California (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1966), pp. The payment for hospital care would come from a stipulated amount paid for monthly by all railroad employees.29 The railroad had planned to construct its own hospital. Thomas L. Scharf, Editor, by Douglas L. Lowell Graduate Student, University of California at Los Angeles. Our community needs us more than ever. The engineers refused to move either passengers or freight. By 1877, the Southern Pacific controlled 85 percent of California’s railroad mileage. by Summer Furzer | Jan 1, 1986 | | 0 comments, The Journal of San Diego History $18.50. 1649 El Prado, Suite #3 San Diego, CA 92101, For research questions: The Burlington strike officially lasted until January 1889, but had clearly been lost by the end of March 1888. The other injuries were too diverse to be grouped together-faulty rails spread to cause an engine to overturn; a laborer was hit by falling equipment. . The pressure is kept up for twenty-four hours, when what oil does not enter the pile is run off again into the tank.14. Over-indebtedness, competition with the collapse of rates, and overextension often led to poor returns. Four carpenters and three horticulturists led the list. Lamb was fifteen and Higgins fourteen, Both were listed as at school. This revenue helps us pay our staff, keep the lights on, continue our restoration efforts, and maintain the Museum’s historical treasures. The California Southern Railroad was a subsidiary railroad of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (Santa Fe) in Southern California. Almost gone. Free shipping . 1. These buildings looked very much like brick row houses found in Philadelphia. They had also to understand all aspects of locomotive maintenance to keep their trains on time. Advocate for us by sharing our mission with family members and friends. The Kimballs came from New Hampshire and may have sent word to friends there. California Commission Reports, 1888, p. 143. © 2020 Southern California Railway Museum. Please see our EVENTS page for departure times and ticket information. 14. The Union printed occasional first-hand descriptions of railroad construction. 9, 24. Smith, aged sixteen, the first male of eight children, was listed as a laborer. Interestingly, all three suffered a ‘crushed foot.’ There may be a correlation between the foot bar to the engine and the location of the locomotive wheels. In 1888 the earnings of the railroad had fallen off. The previous chart clearly shows that the California Southern paid wages generally well above the average. 5. One week earlier they gave an order to accept no perishable freight. The Hotel del Coronado used non-union labor. At the National City shops carpenters were needed for bridge building, completion of the wharf and car construction. The strike was held in an amiable atmosphere as both the Santa Fe and the local Brotherhood waited for word to resume work. Overloading the engine would result in partially burnt coal, the remainder blowing out of the smokestack. The tremendously important back-breaking construction work was the worst paid. We’re doing everything possible while we’re closed to sustain the Southern California Railway Museum and continue to ensure the health and safety of our employees and volunteers. The most powerful unions were the Longshoremen’s union, Carpenters union and the Knights of Labor. Cajon Pass 1890s California Southern Railroad Train Photo-Lith Coffee Trade Card. SAN DIEGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY The strike on the California Southern became official on March 16, 1888. The head of the white collar force was paid significantly less than these blue collar workers. Wage statements give insight to a certain worker hierarchy on the railroad. 28. Ah Quin had a six month contract for labor with 370 laborers under him for the California Southern.24, A further example of the difficulties of Chinese labor contracting occurred in 1887. The Union kept careful count of the number of laborers who took San Francisco steamships to San Diego to be sent north to the construction sites. Despite the growth of the town and back country, San Diegans remained bitter about the loss of the California Southern. 36. Donald L. McMurry, The Great Burlington Strike of 1888, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1956), p. 38, 40. People slept in tents and rented rooms in hallways by the night.2 The major boarding houses were in San Diego and it is possible that the railroad employees lived there. Migratory patterns of the heads of household and farm laborers give evidence of the newness of National City. Overwhelmingly the highest paid worker was the engineer. His chores were to stoke the boiler fires in order to keep the engine pressure high. The local union branch grew to 500 members, The union wanted hours from 7 am to 12 pm and 1 pm to 5 pm daily. 2. The engineers in National City waited to hear from the Brotherhood headquarters in San Bernardino. Johnson. The directory lists C.E. Quin originally moved to San Francisco, but lived in various northern Californian cities and Alaska, working as a servant or cook. Nick Salvatore, Eugene V. Debs; Citizen and Socialist, (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1982), p. 73-77. In December the work of rebuilding the line to San Bernardino was completed. Higgins, and W.F. On February 10 George Eby was burned about his face and body. The California Southern Railroad was a subsidiary railroad of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Southern California.It was organized July 10, 1880, and chartered on October 23, 1880, to build a rail connection between what has become the city of Barstow and San Diego, California. Whitehouse, ed., Railway Anthology, “Locomotive Engine Driving,” from the Locomotive Magazine, 1904, Shepperton, Surrey, c. 1965, Ian Allan, p. 20-21. It operates over Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) tracks (now Union Pacific Railroad) under a long-term lease.. A grade of over 140 feet per mile was required for three miles, the summit being 970 feet in elevation.19. California Southern Railroad Museum is a California Domestic Corporation filed on May 26, 1964. The laborers lived in huts of brush or old tents or constructed living quarters of any available material. Off and on from 1882-1891 the line stretched from San Diego to Colton. P.B. Subsequently they gradually moved the management offices and machine shops of the railroad to San Bernardino in order to have greater leverage in the competition for the Los Angeles shipping and transport business. This led to trains no longer appearing as separate cars, but as one long jointed snake. He met some San Diego businessmen in 1878 who were impressed with his bilingual abilities, and his adoption of western clothing. Several structures built for or by the railroad, or in some cases their remains, can still be seen. In times like this, we’re reminded of how interconnected we all are. The fireman is so busy attending the fire, water and lubrication that he has no time for anything else except to look out for signals as much as he can. However limited violence was once threatened. By 1868, it extended to New Orleans. Everyone’s favorite time of year is right around the corner. Other accidents on the line were diverse and seem not to have been caused by any particular tricky flaw in railroad design. The line was completed in November, 1885 and became the western terminus of Santa Fe's line to Chicago. In 1887 Henry Session, Supt. Nine laborers. The crossing was installed in 1882 by the California Southern Railroad to cross the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks while building northward from San Diego. By October 1881, 300 men were employed in and around the National City shops.9 Around the shops were situated rails, bridges, timbers, ties, piles of car frames, bolts, bars and pipes. Alongside this tube is a dead oil tank, with steam pipes running through it to heat the oil … The piles are run into the tube and the door is sealed; a vacuum is created and the warm dead oil is pumped and forced up to a pressure of two hundred pounds and over to the square inch. By the end of March the Burlington had replaced most of its striking men. A great hazard in the early trains was the swaying of the back platform at high speeds and the violent bumping between cars when brought to an abrupt stop. In accordance with the orders from the Governor’s office and the Health Officer of the County Of Riverside, our indoor exhibits and car barns remained closed, and SCRM has adopted new guidelines for visitors. 29. [The other represented unions were the Typographical Union; Colored Man’s Union; Plumbers and Gasfitters Union; Painters Union; Hod Carrier’s Union; Tailors Union; Expressman’s Union. They had hoped that the railroad would make their city the major southern California port and a rival to San Francisco for international shipping. The Railway Commissioners asked for complete accident information for the 1888 report. The Southern California Railway Museum has re-opened its campus and outdoor exhibits as of Saturday, May 30th, 2020. The names of the workers of the California Southern in the city directories clearly show that no Chinese worked at the National City shops. . Lower level of the San Diego History Center In 1881 at the commencement of the construction of the Calif ornia Southern, day laborers received between $1.00 and $1.75 per day. They picked and blasted the rock of the canyons and carried away the debris in baskets.17 The Union describes one such blasting procedure: The big cut on the second summit was 54 feet high, 18 feet wide at the bottom and 45 feet wide at the top. The strike failed, but the loss of funds by the railway was so great that railroad management attempted to forestall serious strikes through the remainder of the century.36, A local two day strike occurred on the California Southern at the end of 1888. Trains running at the California Southern Model Railroad club(CSMRC). Of the forty-four heads of household, none were born in California. Niles Canyon Railroad operates along a portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad … Train and Trolley tickets are now available ONLINE. Another brakeman sprained an ankle and a switchman had his hip bone fractured. 15. . Master Mechanic Boutelle and station agent Allen attempted to run a switch engine in the National City Yards: a delegation of the striking engineers waited upon them and threatened to throw them into the bay if they did not get off the engine.35, By March 21 the strike had been called off on the Santa Fe line and the California Southern. The San Diego History Center a Smithsonian Affiliate and member to the San Diego Museum Council and Balboa Park Cultural Partnership. The piles are loaded to a carriage and run into the tube, One end of the tube is fitted with a door that screws up tight on rubber gaskets. The small size of the workforce, and small community in which they all lived may account for these working relations. Yet it appears that very few of these men lived in San Diego at the time of the census six years previously. The California Southern built mechanic and blacksmith shops, a company store, round house and warehouses. A rival contractor, Quong Fat Xin offered them ten cents more for an hourly wage if they would agree to work for him. Twenty people were injured and nine were killed. The contractors guaranteed a certain number of workers, paid for their passage and frequently provided them with food. Virginia, Pennsylvania and Connecticut come next with two each. A passageway between sheer rock cliffs provided a natural water outlet for inland rain storms. The National City Record gave an exact description of the creosote plant in 1887: The plant consists principally of a large tube of boiler iron about 60 feet long and large enough to take on four piles at once. The company's filing status is listed as Merged Out and its File Number is C0471443. San Diego County Directory, 1886-1887, at San Diego History Center Research Archives. We meet every Tuesday at 7:30PM. There is also an excellent museum on site with rolling stock and railroad artifacts. At a time when electronic switching was virtually unknown, they had to guide their trains in all sorts of weather and at night with only eyes and instinct. Event & Exhibition Updates Frank Kimball erected a block of connected two story brick apartments, ostensibly to house officials of the railroad. This allowed the track laying to be continued unimpeded with bridge construction.13. 6. The populations of San Diego and National City swelled considerably with the influx of labor to work on the railroad. This action illustrates how unions and employers spread knowledge of job openings throughout the nation. A riot was narrowly averted when Quong agreed to pay Quin for his expenses in procuring and transporting the workers.25. Much blasting of rock, and careful grading of the road was needed to build the line through the canyon: There were seven miles in the upper canyon through rock with almost perpendicular cliffs. He also suggested that the best way to punish the Burlington railway would be to help its competitors.34. The most intriguing boarder was N.B. 22. The dispute between the Brotherhoods of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen began with the Burlington line in 1886. Grounds: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM every day except Thanksgiving and Christmas; Building construction began in order to house the skilled mechanics, carpenters and engineers of the line. The railroad had contracted for an additional thirty flat and thirty coal cars. 1880 Census, Microfilm, National City. Ah Quin came to the United States from Canton at the age of twenty in 1868. 619-232-6203, Located in Presidio Park Middlebrook, “The Chinese at Sorrento,” San Diego History Center Quarterly, (January, 1964), p. 10. the railroad. Housing was very scarce in National City in this period. Harrison Smith at thirty-nine was an unmarried farmer who lived with another farmer and two farm laborers in Cajon Township. The city should create public parks, and all the Unions would support a nine hour day.31. The carpenters followed later to complete the permanent structure. In September the Carpenters Union decided on a nine hour work day. California Railroad Commission Report, 1889. It was composed of: ” . Irene Phillips, National City, Pioneer Town, (National City: South Bay Press, 1960), p. 27. Twice, the tracks flooded out in Temecula Canyon, the last time in 1891 when service south ended. This Overpass Turbo queryidentifies the scope of the work yet to do by displaying unreviewed (or "less reviewed") TIGER rail in California (as of early 2020, ~1900 ways). Their children were born in Virginia and Massachusetts, and now the family lived in California.1. In order to become a first class driver a man must almost live on the engine till he becomes like a part of it, and he must run over the line till he knows it so well that he could tell where he is and at what speed he is running at any moment, even if blindfolded.6. A 1904 description of the engine driver claims: A driver actually feels as if he were a part of the complete machine . Experienced men earned between $3.00 and $4.50 daily.30, Labor organizations became active for the 1887 elections. The construction and maintenance of locomotive and railway cars were no mean tasks. His family first moved to Australia and Fred came to the United States in 1852. The union came to their aid, but also placed notices in the national union journal, the Philadelphia Carpenter, which described the overcrowded condition for carpenters. Ride streetcars, interurban electric cars, and trains on the Museum railway. California State Railroad Museum Foundation makes no warranties, expressed or implied, and hereby disclaims and negates all other warranties, including without limitation, implied warranties or conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property or other violation of rights. Unions began to take an active role in San Diego at the end of 1886. In August 1884, seventyfour Chinese were brought from San Francisco. And we need you. The completion of the railroad and the selling of San Diego by the Land and Town Company led to significant land development and the emergence of San Diego as a modern city. Thirty-one farmers. The story of the railroad and the growth of the cities is one that has been repeated in many parts of the country. Huntington, who now dominated the company, saw an excellent … You can still help if you can’t donate at this time. 19. With 300 men working in and around the machine shops and an additional 1500 at work grading the rails, it is apparent that most of the labor streamed into National City from foreign parts. California Southern Railroad - Visible Remnants. The creosoting plant was built to protect the new wharf from the ravages of the toredo. Volunteer opportunities are plentiful for most ages and abilities. San Diego Union, September 1, 1886; August 26, 1887. A new townsite was platted in 1885, named Perris, to honor the Chief Engineer of the California Southern Railroad. Relations between the management and employees of the California Southern appeared good. They refused to work 10 hours daily and asked the local union for support. Learn how your donation, large or small, can help protect and preserve Southern California’s Railway history. Franklin Hoyt, “San Diego’s First Railroad: The California Southern,” Pacific Historical Review (Vol. The predominant occupation listed is farmer. 32. . Part I described briefly the history of the struggle by the founders of San Diego to have a railroad constructed with a San Diego terminus. Coating the wood with creosote made it impervious to the toredo. The labor camp at Temecula canyon housed over 2000 men. A car went from the blasting site to dump the dirt down the deep gorges. The railroad shops in National City were the pride of their town. The California Southern Railroad was a subsidiary railroad of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (Santa Fe) in Southern California. Ticket Information. $8.00 + shipping . The government must protect individuals from monopolies. Find the perfect california southern pacific railroad stock photo. Founded in 1865, the Southern Pacific (SP) was originally created as a rail line from San Francisco to San Diego. 30. Take A Ride On The Irvine Park Railroad Christmas Train In Southern California For A Dose Of Holiday Cheer. San Diego Union, August 4, 1887, August 24, 1887. This was an interim measure. He worked on the Union Pacific Railroad in the 60's, then settled in San Bernardino in 1874.
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