"Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". Let them remain within these bounds.— πίστει καὶ ἀγάπῃ, in faith and love) General divisions.— ἁγιασμῷ μετὰ σωφροσύνης) in holiness with sobriety. In some ways they are the lifeblood of the church, and the mission field has certainly owed a huge debt to the children of missionary parents. One reason alleged here is the greater danger of self-deception in the weaker sex, and the errors arising from it, especially in addresses in which sober reflectiveness is least in exercise. It’s a brilliant and complex, yet profoundly simple explanation that connects all the dots for us. There’s been more ink spilled over the doctrinal interpretation of 1 Timothy 2:11-15 than any other passage. 2:12-15). (Meanwhile Roman Catholics and Muslims are ensuring the health of their positions by multiplying children). Don"t try to put on a front for God. What does the Bible mean when it refers to a sound mind? She (the Church) is saved through childbearing. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.”  Don’t get caught up in what this means and how we apply it today. τεκνογονία is not the meritorious cause of woman’s salvation; it is the sphere, being her natural duty, in which she may hope to find it. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". There are a couple of possibilities that we may explore. II Timothy 2:14 What are the believers reminded not to do? 1905. It struck me that approaching the passage typologically harmonized many of the issues that arose from approaching it from a merely ontological standpoint – which has been the normative way of viewing this text. See chap. Pray with someone else as often as possible. Timothy joined Paul on his second missionary journey. She knows her way around a hardware store and is happy as a lark when she has a power tool in her hand. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. ‘She will be saved through her child-bearing.’ Compare 1 Corinthians 3:15, ‘he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire’. I trust I have not offended anyone - women are God"s special gift to men - they are not second class citizens, though our society hasn"t really given fact to that as yet. holiness. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/1-timothy-2.html. She will be serving God by giving birth to and raising children. It was then that I had an epiphany that seemed to resolve many of the interpretive difficulties with the text. See more ideas about 1 timothy, Bible verses, Word of god. Be sure the rest of your life is in proper order - sin wise -service wise - and give wise. Without them the church would, humanly speaking, have been in a far worse state than it is today. It is a matter of whether God led you into it or someone else. Some refer the pronoun they to the children, because the apostle had been before speaking of the woman in the singular number; but there is nothing more ordinary than that change of the number, especially where collective words are used, that signify a whole species or sex; and it is unreasonable to think the apostle should suspend the salvation of the mother upon the faith and holiness of the child, and to interpret it of the mother’s endeavours towards it, seemeth hardly a sufficient interpretation of the term continue. He is not speaking here as to the properly-called cause of salvation; for many who bring forth children nevertheless perish: many, who do not bear children, are saved; but the state or condition is denoted, in which a woman may be likely to obtain salvation, although she be not mixed up with the duty that belongs to the man. 2 Timothy 1:5). My name is Mary Kassian (pronounced CASS-ee-an). women are forbidden λαλεῖν in the Church. For Adam was first formed, then Eve; and Adam was not beguiled, but the woman being beguiled hath fallen into transgression: but she shall be saved through her child-bearing, if they continue in faith and love and sanctification with sobriety (1 Tim. Apostasy is the deliberate and permanent rejection of Christianity after a … ch. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". Doddridge, Macknight, Clarke, and others suppose that it refers to the promise in, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, if they continue in faith and charity, and holiness, with sobriety, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. It’s about displaying the glory of Christ’s story. Though the woman was so unhappy as to be deceived by the serpent, and to be the first in taking the forbidden fruit, and an instrument to entice her husband to do the like, which may give all of that sex a cause of humiliation, and show them the reasonableness of God’s order in putting them in subjection to man, and prohibiting them to break God’s order in usurping authority over the man; yet through the gracious interposition of the Mediator, (afterward born of a woman), she hath no reason to despair, either of a temporal salvation, from the peril and danger of child-birth, or, much less, of an eternal salvation, for, she shall be saved; she stands upon equal ground with the man as to eternal salvation, who cannot be saved without faith and holiness, and a discharge of the duties incumbent upon him, and patient enduring the crosses and trials God exerciseth him with; and the woman also shall be saved, by faithful performance of her duty, and patiently enduring her crosses and trials, in the pains and peril of. Many are the suggestions about the meaning of this difficult expression. American Tract Society. This much may be granted, that Paul, by laying stress on the τεκνογονία (the occasion for which was probably the κωλύων γα΄εῖν on the part of the heretics, chap. In popular presentations of what the Bible teaches about women"s ministries this balance is frequently absent. 7. 12. ], I believe this interpretation has fewer problems than the others. Not to say that the fellows shouldn"t take a look at the list for themselves! "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". How can an elder come under the same condemnation as the devil (1 Timothy 3:6)? This solves the conundrum of thinking that Paul is saying that women are saved by giving birth to biological children. (1) She shall be “preserved in the great danger of child-birth”. An old saying goes, "The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world." σωφροσύνη is named along with the preceding cardinal virtues of the Christian life, because it peculiarly becomes the thoughts of a woman (comp. Dec 10, 2013 - Explore Earline Domangue's board "1 Timothy " on Pinterest. We know for sure that Paul viewed Adam as a type of Christ. Some suggest that she will get safely through childbirth - not succumbing to death. For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor. For these are the fruits of salvation, the ‘fruit of the Spirit’ (Galatians 5:22). Moreover, it is implied that the very curse will be a condition favourable to her salvation, by her faithfully performing her part in doing and suffering what God has assigned to her-namely, child-bearing and home duties, her sphere, as distinguished from public teaching, not her's, but man's (1 Timothy 2:11-12). 648, 787]), and not, as many older (Chrysostom and others) and later (Schleiermacher, Mack, Leo, Plitt) expositors think: “the children.” This latter might indeed be supplied from τεκνογονία, but it would give a wrong idea. "The meaning of sozo [to save] in this passage is once again something like "spiritual health," a full and meaningful life. See Luke 11:27-28, “Blessed is the womb that bare thee.… Yea, rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God,” etc. "Paul employed the term "childbirth" as a synecdoche for that part of the woman"s work that describes the whole.". She is not to regard herself as cut off from the hope of heaven. They are not to be limited to the relation of married life, πίστις denoting conjugal fidelity; ἀγάπη, conjugal love; ἁγιασ΄ός, conjugal chastity; and σωφροσύνη, living in regular marriage. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Pray longer than you think you should. Many feel that the verse is teaching that women will experience salvation equally with men through fulfilling their function in the home, just as men function publicly in leadership in the church. Some interpreters have even suggested that Paul was alluding to the saving effect of Jesus Christ"s birth. The mothers are to put every effort into ensuring that their children continue in faith (being founded solidly on the truth) and in love (genuinely loving God and living out His truth in the world) and in sanctification (being made continually more dedicated and more like Christ), and live serious and valuable lives. 1828. For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor. Fellowship with the Creator of the heavens and the earth. Reading Challies’ attempts to come to grip with verse 15 reminded me of my own attempts to wrestle with this passage over the years. child-bearing; notwithstanding they are the sensible marks of God’s displeasure for sin, yet the sufferings of Christ has taken away the said bitterness. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/1-timothy-2.html. The interpretation must be counted among those pious and ingenious flights of fancy, which so often mislead the commentator on Holy Scripture. Not to add words to the Bible. Faith and love will issue in holiness. 1 Timothy 2:15 "Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.". Who was Timothy in the Bible? It is rather to indicate that anyone who fails to live by these standards is unikely to be in the process of 'being saved'. I"m not sure that I would want to state that, because I have no facts to state that a Christian woman has never died in giving birth to a child. With that tender and winning courtesy to which, no doubt, humanly speaking, the great missionary owes so much of his vast influence over human hearts, St. Paul, now anxious lest he had wounded with his severe words and stern precepts his Ephesian sisters in Christ, closes his charge to women with a few touching words, bright with the glorious promise they contained. 15. σωθήσεται κ.τ.λ. c. Not to strive about words to no profit, to the ruin of the hearers. Who was Onesiphorus in the Bible? How will this demonstration help do that? Blessed Mediator of thy people! "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". To begin, let me explain what the theological term “type” means. —1 Timothy 2:15. Share answered prayer with other Christians. Thus repairing the evil which the first of all women brought upon man, by seducing him to evil. Are there really ghosts? Rather he is saying that if God is truly working in them the process of salvation (Philippains 1 Timothy 2:13) these consequences or ‘fruits’ will follow. [1] College Press, Joplin, MO. Paul has just excluded women from positions of teaching authority in the church ( 1 Timothy 2:9-14). Faith and charity - the essential way to salvation (1 Timothy 1:5). 1 Paul, a an apostle of Christ Jesus b by the will of God according to c the promise of the life that is in Christ Jesus, 2 To Timothy, d my beloved child: e Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.. Guard the Deposit Entrusted to You. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-timothy-2.html. That is her normal and natural duty; and in the discharge of our normal and natural duties we all, men and women alike, as far as our individual efforts can contribute to it, “work out our own salvation”. The truth is that the solid core of the church of God is built on children borne by Christian women. by Shawn Brasseaux “Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.” First Timothy 2:15 can be a difficult verse at first glance, but it is really quite simple. So St. Paul, taking the common-sense view that childbearing, rather than public teaching or the direction of affairs, is woman’s primary function duty, privilege and dignity, reminds Timothy and his readers that there was another aspect of the story in Genesis besides that of woman’s taking the initiative in transgression: the pains of childbirth were her sentence, yet in undergoing these she finds her salvation. But the apostle did not mean to say that she alone was to be saved through child-bearing; but that all her posterity, whether male or female, are to be saved through the childbearing of a woman; as is evident from his adding, If they live in faith, and love, and holiness, with sobriety. 1857. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. [Note: E.g, Knight, pp146-48.] 1 Timothy 2:15 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Timothy 2:15, NIV: "But women will be saved through childbearing--if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety." So I give kudos to Tim Challies for preaching on the passage in a recent sermon, and having the guts to take a shot at explaining it in his blog post, “Saved through Childbearing?”. 3. “If”: Yet having and raising children is useless without the following qualities, for unbelievers continue to have and raise children and yet end up lost. 2013. It is a holiness that is always there. Wherefore the if has a stronger force here than διὰ, in: and the continuing takes for granted the standing in faith, etc.— μείνωσιν, if they continue) Namely, the women. I believe Paul would have responded that certainly a single woman or a married woman who is not a mother can find fulfillment as a woman of God. 1 Timothy 2:8-10 He directeth how women should be attired, 1 Timothy 2:11-14 permiteth them not to teach, 1 Timothy 2:15 promiseth that they shall be saved by child-bearing on certain conditions. 2012. “She”: That Paul does not have Eve in mind here is clear because the verb translated “shall be saved” is future, and he also uses the plural pronoun “they.” He is talking about women after Eve. 1. Be saved in childbearing—Rather, through childbearing. But just as in the case of man, the world being as it is, the sentence has proved a blessing, so it is in the case of woman. Some teach that having many children results in better chances of entering into heaven. “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread” expresses man’s necessity, duty, privilege, dignity. No. It is scarcely credible that St. Paul, if he meant this, would have expressed it so obscurely. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. 1879-90. let the sweet assurance of salvation, in the child-bearing, when our great Emmanuel was born of a woman, open an everlasting source of consolation, to all his faithful seed. The connexion of thought is as follows. ", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". “The daily dying unto sin and being renewed unto holiness” (Reese p. 83). However, there were no women church leaders (elders) or evangelists in the church of the First Century.]. Naturally, they love spoiling their adorable grandkids . It remains to note three other explanations:—. 2 Timothy 2:15 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Timothy 2:15, NIV: "Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth." The woman fell into transgression, and the judgement pronounced on her for all time was ἐν λύπαις τέξῃ τέκνα (Genesis 3:16): the fulfilment of her proper duty shall be accompanied with pain. "The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world." This means continuing in the faith, and continuing to trust what the apostles taught. Putting it Together: A Cohesive Interpretation of 1 Timothy 2:11-15. A synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole or the whole stands for a part. . For now, I just want you to consider how a typological approach helps explain this and the next few verses, and how it solves some interpretive conundrums. "E.W. He will work within her through what she is undergoing, causing her to ‘will and do of His good pleasure’ (Philippians 2:13), and fashioning and moulding her into His image. But just as in the case of man, the world being as it is, the sentence has proved a blessing, so it is in the case of woman. Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:15". 1874-1909. 1 Timothy 2:7 Paul’s commission to teach the Gentiles. 2 First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, 2 vfor kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and wdignified in every way. Certain religious sects have taught that a woman has no soul. 1 Timothy 2:9. Be saved in child-bearing , [ dia (Greek #1223) tees (Greek #3588) teknogonias (Greek #5042)] - 'in (literally, through) her (literally, the) child-bearing.' 1 Timothy 2:15. σωθήσεται δὲ διὰ τῆς τεκνογονίας: The penalty for transgression, so far as woman is concerned, was expressed in the words, “I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children” (Genesis 3:16). A typological approach to 1 Timothy 2:11-15 makes a lot of sense to me, and I’d like to throw it on the table for my fellow theologians to consider and discuss. 1909-1922. “Child bearing denotes the proper sphere in which the woman finds the true fulfillment of her destiny” (Hiebert p. 62). He is saying that woman ought not to teach men in the church because our roles reflect the fact that Christ leads/instructs the church, and not the other way around. 10. ], Women who try to minister in traditionally male roles face difficulty because of psychological factors involving themselves and those to whom they seek to minister. As one of Paul’s most trusted associates Paul often sent him to churches as his representative. In these latter cases the idea is of a process going on within the lives of those who ‘have been saved’ whereby their salvation is being worked out within them. The confusion over the meaning of this verse is reflected in different English translations. 1 Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal to him as a father, to the younger men as brothers, 2 the older women as mothers, and the younger women as sisters, in all purity. This miraculous fact justifies us perhaps in pressing the language of Genesis 3:15, “thy seed,” and in finding an allusion (though this is uncertain) in Galatians 4:4, γενόμενον ἐκ γυναικός; but woman cannot be said to be saved by means of a historic privilege, even with the added qualification, “if they continue,” etc. The subject of ΄είνωσιν is the collective idea γυνή (see Winer, pp. Paul addresses Timothy as "my true son in the faith" (1 Timothy 1… Compare 1 Timothy 1:14 and note. 6. We may, I believe, see in this a kind of bold Luther-like way of stating that home life rather than public life, the functions of a mother rather than of a teacher, are appointed for her. In 1 Timothy 3:2 and in 2 Timothy 2:24 there is a rare Greek word, didaktikos, an adjective.This word occurs nowhere else in extant Greek literature with the exception of two of Philo’s works and in homilies by Chrysostom on 1 and 2 Timothy. per filiorum generationem); it is rather the διά of accompanying circumstances, as in 1 Corinthians 3:15. σωθήσεται … διὰ πυρός. Now before we go on, I’m going to teach you another big, daunting word: “ontology” (Just think how your opponent’s eyebrows will rise when you use up three o’s playing it in scrabble!) Comp. She doesn"t allow it to become clouded by influences from within or from without. It is quite arbitrary, with Heydenreich, to supply “man and wife.”, Paul uses the expressions ἐν πίστει κ. τ. λ. to denote the Christian life in its various aspects. He can use it of a person’s once for all acceptance by God (1 Timothy 2:4; Ephesians 2:8; 2 Timothy 1:9; Titus 3:5). 1 Timothy 2:9), not because “a woman is apt to lose control of herself through her excitable temperament” (Hofmann). 4. And oh! This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way. To “depart” means to apostatize. 13. The woman is completed in childbirth might be the thought here. Are you absolutely sure there are no absolutes? She shall be saved by bearing children, &c. and performing other duties of a wife, with a due submission to her husband, taking care to serve God, and bring up her children in the faith of Christ, in piety, &c. (Witham) --- This would perhaps be more properly rendered, from the Greek, by the bringing up of her children in faith, charity, and holiness. Date of Writing: The Book of 1 Timothy was written in A.D. 62-66. Two other interpretations have been proposed: [1] that of Chrysostom, who regards τεκνογονία as identical here with τεκνοτροφία, the Christian education of children, and supposes an implied τέκνα to be the subject of μείνωσιν. BibliographyPett, Peter. This fits the context quite well. Question: "What does it mean that women will be "saved" through childbearing (1 Timothy 2:15)?" Because of this, many pastors simply avoid teaching on it. The last word, “modesty,” or discretion, or sobriety (all poor renderings of the Greek sophrosune, which includes, besides, the idea of a fight with and a victory over self), brings back the thoughts to the beautiful Pauline conception of a true woman, who wins her sweet and weighty power in the world by self-effacement. How to treat the men in the churchDo not rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father, younger men as brothers.. a. (NIV) (NIV) 1 Timothy 4:12 Don’t let anyone look down on you because you are young, but set an example for the believers in speech, in life, in love, in faith and in purity. Just like men end up saving themselves by seeing that they are teaching the truth (1 Timothy 4:16). Bailey, p357. Purpose of Writing: Imprisoned in Rome yet again, the apostle Paul felt lonely and abandoned. Perhaps the best explanation of this difficult verse is this. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. It is to be seen as intimately connected with salvation. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Through expresses not the means of her salvation, but the circumstances AMIDST which it has place. What does it mean that women will be "saved" through childbearing (1 Timothy 2:15)? Nor is the verse teaching that being a mother is an automatic ticket to heaven, notice the “if” that follows the above statement. show. If they continue; words added to show who alone have an interest in the promise just given. He is stressing how important their faithfulness to their task is. 1 Timothy 3:1 "This [is] a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work." Of course every human being-male or female, married or single-finds his or her greatest fulfillment in life through a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. MA Thesis, Dallas Theological Seminary 2003. With sobriety. The construction σωθήσεται διά has a strict parallel in 1 Corinthians 3:15 : αὐτὸς δὲ σωθήσεται, οὕτως δὲ ὡς διὰ πυρός. Instead, he’s saying that woman’s ontology (her capacity to bear children) relates to her typology (the Church’s ability to be fruitful in Jesus). 1 Timothy 2:15. Others argue that the child-bearing under consideration is the child-bearing done by Eve, that is, through Eve and the eventual arrival of Jesus (born of a woman: Galatians 4:4), women, as well as men, have access to salvation. So Paul's point is not that their behaviour will result in their final salvation. Cf. Some of these possible subjects are how women experience eternal salvation, or how they experience physical deliverance when giving birth, or how they experience spiritual deliverance from moral corruption. Those who profess Christianity but fail to lie like this are like the seed sown on rocky ground, outwardly flourishing short term but destined for destruction. Date of Writing: The Book of 2 Timothy was written in approximately A.D. 67, shortly before the apostle Paul was put to death. I have a hint for you - He knows better! Wetstein supposes that it means “she shall be saved from the arts of impostors, and from the luxury and vice of the age, if, instead of wandering about, she remains at home, cultivates modesty, is subject to her husband, and engages carefully in the training of her children.” This sense agrees well with the connection. (2) Women shall be saved if they bring up their children well, as if τεκνογονία = τεκνοτροφία. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. The ‘debt’ that eternity will reveal as owed to godly mothers is beyond telling, and their final influence will probably be seen, in the consummation, to have exceeded that of the majority of ‘elders’ in the church, to say nothing of the ordinary male members. If the necessity of work be “a stumbling-block,” man can “make it a stepping-stone” (Browning, The Ring and the Book, The Pope, 413), Nay, it is the only stepping-stone available to him. She shall be saved in child-bearing, if she continue in faith and charity, and holiness with sobriety. Things might shake her for a short time, but she is back on top very quickly. And a woman, by bringing him forth, hath been the occasion of our salvation. Obviously the verse is not teaching that women become Christians by having children (Mark 16:15-16). Ultimately, this is not about us. To Paul the word ‘saved’ does not refer to sickness, but has to do with the work of God in men’s lives.
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